The Celestina: A Play That Changed Medieval Spanish Literature

In 1499, an anonymous 16-act play was published in the Spanish community of Burgos that influenced the flourishing of the Spanish language as well as literary works. Called the La Comedia of Calisto and Melibea, it became widely popular. Therefore, various other editions were released in the following 3 years. A 2nd version came off the press in 1500, as well as a 3rd edition was published in 1502. In this 1502 edition, viewers might put a name to the writer – Fernando de Rojas, who added five more acts with an introduction and wrapping up material. The title was after that altered to the La Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea, yet this masterpiece later became known just as La Celestina – the name of the shrewd and also seducing protagonist.

Celestina is a senior female that has lived a life of transgression and vice. Known for cosmetics, sex, prostitution, murder, corruption, envy, betrayal, recycled virgins and also cash, it’s no wonder she is the celebrity of the work. She engages the viewers as a “liaison” for Calisto, a young noble who has actually shed his mind, lovesick for hoity-toity Melibea, also a girl from an honorable family. Two prominent personalities are Sempronio as well as Parmeno, trouble slaves of Calisto. Sempronio privately plans to make money off of her aiding Calisto arrange a meeting with Melibea. To do that, she tempts Melibea to fall in love with Calisto. Parmeno does not trust Celestina yet inevitably makes a decision to collaborate with Sempronio to acquire cash from the old woman’s services. Nevertheless, all the two get are two woman of the streets that “work” at Celestina’s house – Elicia as well as Areúsa. Sempronio and also Parmeno never get what they truly desire which is Celestina’s money, as well as this begins a chain of tragic plots that concludes with the fatalities of the 5 major characters.

Very little is found out about the writer. Fernando de Rojas was birthed circa 1470 and passed away circa 1540. He was a law trainee at the College of Salamanca when he composed La Celestina. Regarding scholars know Rojas did not create any other compositions. He became a successful attorney and later mayor of a Spanish town where he lived for three years. Yet, Rojas was birthed right into a family members of “conversos” – Jews who transformed to Christianity. He matured throughout a time in Spain when the Inquisition attempted as well as hurt as well as transformed Jews into becoming Christians.

Rojas was very well informed. His library not just included books regarding regulation, but numerous other books concerning the works of ancient Roman and also Greek writers, plus several middle ages and Renaissance Italian authors, novels of chivalry, emotional books, verse. This is evident since he integrates a lot of referrals and quotes from such classic sources that abound in this job.

Rojas’ only literary works was a huge contribution to Spanish culture that is considered the Golden Age of Spain which noted the end of the middle ages duration and also the beginning of the Renaissance. He was a real humanist as a result of his referrals to the classics were promoted by the philosophy of secularism, the gratitude of worldly satisfaction, as well as above all heightened the assertion of individual independence and individual expression.

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